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Vancomycin HCl 5 g

Price:
$54.00
SKU:
GB-V-200-1
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Vancomycin Hydrochloride

(Vancomycin HCl)

Molecular Biology Grade

  CAS Number:
  1404-93-9
  Chemical Formula:
  C66H75Cl2N9O24 HCl
  Molecular Weight:
  1485.7 g/mol

 

Vancomycin inhibits growth of many Gram positive bacteria including the antibiotic resistant superbug, MRSA (Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus). Vancomcyin is effective for treating MRSA infections because it inhibits cell wall synthesis through a different mechanism than β-lactam antibiotics.

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Vancomycin Protocols

Vancomycin sensitivity test

I. Principle:
The vancomycin test is performed in a fashion similar to the bacitracin sensitivity test. Resistance to vancomycin can be used to differentiate a few of the catalase-negative gram-positve genera.

II. Inoculum 
Strains are grown on blood agar lates overnight at 35C in CO. More than 1 day of incubation may be necessary for more fastidious genera such as the gemellae, alloiococci, and helcococci.

III. Reagents and Materials 
1. 30μg vancomycin disk (prepare and store disks according to the manufacturer's instructions). 
2. Trypticase soy sheep blood agar plates IV

IV. Procedure
1. Transfer several colonies of the strain in question to one-half of a blood agar plate and steak heavily. 
2. Place the vancomycin susceptibility testing disk (30 μg) in the heavy part of the streak. 
3. Incubated the plate in a CO2 enhanced atmosphere at 37 C overnight. Some strains (alloiococci, gemellae, helcococci) may require 48 h or more to show sufficient growth to interpret the test.

V. Reading and Interpretation 
Any zone of growth inhibition is considered positive (sensitive). The test is interpreted as resistant (negative) only if there is growth right up to the edge of the disk. This is not a susceptibility test, it is a sensitivity test for identification.

Genetic Transformation of Mature Citrus:

1. Seed germination medium (SGM): 4.3 g/L of Murashige and Skoog (MS) salts (10)(see Note 2), 10 g/L of agar, pH 5.7.

2. Inoculation medium (IM): 4.3 g/L of MS salts, 10 mL/L of vitamin stock solution, 30 g/L of sucrose, pH 5.7.

3. Cocultivation medium (CM): IM plus 2 mg/L of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 2 mg/L of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), 1 mg/L of 2-isopentenyl-adenine (2,i-P), 8 g/L of agar, pH 5.7.

4. Shoot regeneration medium (SRM): IM plus 3 mg/L of 6-benzylaminopurinem (BAP). Medium is semisolidified using 10 g/L of agar at pH 5.7, supplemented with 100 mg/L of kanamycin sulfate, 500 mg/L of cefotaxime, and 250 mg/L of vancomycin

5. Shoot-tip grafting medium: 4.3 g/L of MS salts, 10 mL/L of vitamin stock, 75 g/L of sucrose, pH 5.7.

6. Vitamin stock: 10 g/L of myo-inositol, 20μg/L of thiamine-H l, 100μg/L yridoxine-H l, 100 μg/Lof nicotinic acid.

7. 2,4-D stock solution: 5 mg/100 mL. Prepare by dissolving the powder in a few drops of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Adjust volume with double-distilled water. Store at 4°C.

8. IAA stock solution: 5 mg/100 mL. Prepare as for 2,4-D and store at 4°C.

9. 2,i-P stock solution: 5 mg/100 mL. Prepare as for 2,4-D and store at 4°C.

10. BAP stock solution: 5 mg/100 mL. Prepare by dissolving the powder in a few drops of 1 NNaOH. Complete final volume with double-distilled water. Store at 4°C

11. Kanamycin sulfate stock solution: 100 mg/mL. Prepare by dissolving 1 g of powder in 10 mL of double-distilled water. Sterilize by filtration through a 0.2-μm membrane, make 1-mL aliquots in sterile microcentrifuge tubes and store at –20°C.

12. Cefotaxime stock solution: 250 mg/mL. Prepare by dissolving 1 g of powder in 4 mL of double distilled water. terilize by filtration through a 0.2μm membrane, make 1-mL aliquots in sterile Eppendorf tubes and store at –20°C.

13. Vancomycin stock solution: 250 mg/mL. Prepare as for cefotaxime, aliquote, and store at –20°C.


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  US Pharmacopeia    1709007

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