Loading... Please wait...
  • My Account
  • Order Status
  • Wish Lists

Malonate Broth 500g

Price:
$206.00
SKU:
BD-239520-500G
Quantity:

Malonate Broth

Intended Use

Malonate Broth is used for differentiating Enterobacter from Escherichia based on malonate utilization.

Summary and Explanation

Malonate Broth, prepared according to the formula described by Leifson,1 is a liquid medium containing ammonium sulfate as the only source of nitrogen and malonate as the only source of carbon. Leifson was able to demonstrate that the Enterobacter group utilizes malonate whereas the Escherichia group is unable to grow on the medium.

Malonate Broth is further described for differentiating Enterobacteriaceae in food and dairy products.2,3 More often, the medium referenced is the modified Edwards and Ewing4 formulation that contains yeast extract and dextrose. The modification permits growth of organisms that would otherwise fail on the unsupplemented Leifson medium.

Principles of the Procedure

Malonate Broth contains ammonium sulfate, which is the sole source of nitrogen in the medium; sodium malonate is the sole source of carbon. Dipotassium phosphate and monopotassium phosphate provide buffering capability. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance of the medium. Increased alkalinity resulting from malonate utilization causes the indicator, bromthymol blue, to change color from green to blue.

User Quality Control

Identity Specifications

Malonate Broth
Dehydrated Appearance: Tan to green, free-flowing, homogeneous.
Solution:                       0.8% solution, soluble in purified water. Solution is green,
                                    clear.
Prepared Appearance:     Green, clear.
Reaction of 0.8%
Solution at 25°C:            pH 6.7 ± 0.2
Cultural Response

Malonate Broth
Prepare the medium per label directions. Inoculate with fresh cultures and incubate at 35 ± 2°C for 18-48 hours.

ORGANISM ATCC™ MEDIUM
COLOR
Enterobacter aerogenes 13048 Blue
Enterobacter cloacae 13047 Blue
Escherichia coli 25922 Green
Klebsiella pneumoniae 13883 Blue
Salmonella enterica
subsp. arizonae
13314 Blue
Salmonella enterica subsp.
enterica serotype Typhimurium
14028 Green

 

Formula

Malonate Broth
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Ammonium Sulfate...................................................... 2.0 g
Dipotassium Phosphate................................................ 0.6 g
Monopotassium Phosphate........................................... 0.4 g
Sodium Chloride.......................................................... 2.0 g
Sodium Malonate......................................................... 3.0 g
Bromthymol Blue....................................................... 25.0 mg
*Adjusted and/or supplemented as required to meet performance criteria.

Directions for Preparation from Dehydrated Product

1. Suspend 8 g of the powder in 1 L of purified water. Mix thoroughly.
2. Heat with frequent agitation and boil for 1 minute to completely dissolve the powder.
3. Autoclave at 121°C for 15 minutes.
4. Avoid introducing extraneous carbon and nitrogen.
5. Test samples of the finished product for performance using stable, typical control cultures.

Procedure

1. Inoculate tubes with a loopful of test organism.
2. Incubate at 35 ± 2°C for 18-48 hours.
3. Examine tubes for a change in the color of the medium from green to blue.

Expected Result

Malonate utilization is indicated by a change in the color of the medium from green to blue:
              Positive: Blue
              Negative: Green

Limitation of the Procedure

A slight bluing (blue-green) of the medium may occur after prolonged incubation.5 In such cases, care should be taken in interpreting results.

Free Shipping within the Continental USA

Celebrity Endorsements

1. Leifson. 1933. J. Bacteriol. 26:329.

2. Downes and Ito (ed.). 2001. Compendium of methods for the microbiological examination of foods, 4th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.

3. Wehr and Frank (ed.). 2004. Standard methods for the examination of dairy products, 17th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.

4. Edwards and Ewing. 1962. Enterobacteriaceae. U.S. Public Health Service Bulletin No. 734:19.

5. Oberhofer. 1985. Manual of nonfermenting gram-negative bacteria. Churchill Livingstone, New York, N.Y.

Add to Wish List

Click the button below to add the Malonate Broth 500g to your wish list.

Let's Stay in Touch


Recently Viewed...


Terms of Service & Privacy Policy | Sitemap | P212121 Company Information

All prices are in USD Copyright 2017 P212121, LLC.