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Simmons Citrate Agar 1lb

Price:
$126.00
SKU:
BD-211620-1LB
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Simmons Citrate Agar

Intended Use

Simmons Citrate Agar is used for the differentiation of gramnegative bacteria on the basis of citrate utilization.

Summary and Explanation

Koser,1 in 1923, developed a liquid medium consisting of inorganic salts in which an ammonium salt was the only source of nitrogen and citrate was the sole carbon source in order to differentiate between what are now known as Escherichia coli and Enterobacter aerogenes as part of the IMViC (Indole- Methyl Red-Voges Proskauer-Citrate) reactions. Simmons,2 in 1926, modified Koser’s formulation with the addition of 1.5% agar and bromthymol blue.3 Organisms capable of metabolizing citrate grow well on this medium.

Principles of the Procedure

Organisms able to utilize ammonium dihydrogen phosphate and sodium citrate as the sole sources of nitrogen and carbon, respectively, will grow on this medium and produce an alkaline reaction as evidenced by a change in the color of the bromthymol blue indicator from green (neutral) to blue (alkaline).

User Quality Control

Identity Specifications
Simmons Citrate Agar
Dehydrated Appearance: Fine, homogeneous, free of extraneous material, may contain many
                                     dark and gray flecks.
Solution:                        2.42% solution, soluble in purified water upon boiling. Solution is
                                     medium to dark, green, clear to slightly hazy.
Prepared Appearance:     Medium to dark, green, clear to slightly hazy, with a small amount
                                     of precipitate and as many as a large amount of insolubles.
Reaction of 2.42%
Solution at 25°C:            pH 6.9 ± 0.2
Cultural Response
Simmons Citrate Agar
Prepare the medium per label directions. Inoculate with fresh cultures and incubate at 35 ± 2°C for 4 days.

ORGANISM ATCC™ RECOVERY REACTION
Enterobacter aerogenes 13048 Good Alkaline (blue)
Escherichia coli 33495 Partial to complete inhibition
Klebsiella pneumoniae 11506 Good Alkaline (blue)
Shigella flexneri 9199 Complete inhibition

Formula

Simmons Citrate Agar
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate................................ 1.0 g
Dipotassium Phosphate................................................ 1.0 g
Sodium Chloride.......................................................... 5.0 g
Sodium Citrate............................................................ 2.0 g
Magnesium Sulfate....................................................... 0.2 g
Agar......................................................................... 15.0 g
Bromthymol Blue........................................................ 0.08 g
*Adjusted and/or supplemented as required to meet performance criteria.

Directions for Preparation from Dehydrated Product

1. Suspend 24.2 g of the powder in 1 L of purified water. Mix thoroughly.
2. Heat with frequent agitation and boil for 1 minute to completely dissolve the powder.
3. Dispense and autoclave at 121°C for 15 minutes.
4. Allow to cool in a slanted position for use as slants. The agar also may be used as a plating medium.
5. Test samples of the finished product for performance using stable, typical control cultures.

Procedure

Inoculate slants with growth from a pure culture using a light inoculum. Incubate all tubes for 4 days at 35 ± 2°C in an aerobic atmosphere.

Expected Results

A positive reaction is indicated by growth with an intense blue color in the slant. A negative reaction is evidenced by no growth to trace growth with no change in color (medium remains dark green).
Consult appropriate texts for additional differentiating characteristics.4,5


*Store at 2-8° C.

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Celebrity Endorsements

1. Koser. 1923. J. Bacteriol. 8:493.

2. Simmons. 1926. J. Infect. Dis. 39:209.

3. MacFaddin. 1985. Media for isolation-cultivation-identification-maintenance of medical bacteria, vol. 1. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md.

4. Holt, Krieg, Sneath, Staley and Williams (ed.). 1994. Bergey’s Manual™ of determinative bacteriology, 9th ed. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md.

5. Murray, Baron, Jorgensen, Landry and Pfaller (ed.). 2007. Manual of clinical microbiology, 9th ed. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C.

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