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Rappaport-Vassiliadis Medium (MSRV), Semisolid Modification 500g

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$131.08
SKU:
BD-218681-500G
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Rappaport-Vassiliadis Medium (MSRV), Semisolid Modification

Intended Use

Rappaport-Vassiliadis (MSRV) Medium, Semisolid Modification is used with Novobiocin Antimicrobic Supplement in rapidly detecting motile Salmonella in feces and food products.

Summary and Explanation

MSRV Medium, Semisolid Modification is a modification of Rappaport-Vassiliadis enrichment broth for detecting motile Salmonella in feces and food products. The original work on MSRV medium showed that a semi-solid medium in Petri dishes could be used as a rapid and sensitive means of isolating motile Salmonella from food products following pre-enrichment or
selective enrichment.1,2 The semisolid medium allows motility to be detected as halos of growth around the original point of inoculation.
The medium is recommended by the European Chocolate Manufacturer’s Association. A collaborative study performed with support of the American Cocoa Research Institute and the
Canadian Chocolate Manufacturer’s Association resulted in first action adoption of the MSRV method by AOAC International.3 MSRV Medium, Semisolid Modification may be used as a plating
medium for isolating Salmonella spp. (other than Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A) from stool specimens with high sensitivity and specificity.4,5

Principles of the Procedure

Rappaport-Vassiliadis (MSRV) Medium, Semisolid Modification contains peptones as carbon and nitrogen sources for general growth requirements. Magnesium chloride raises the osmotic pressure in the medium. Novobiocin (Novobiocin Antimicrobic Supplement) and malachite green inhibit organisms other than Salmonella. The low pH of the medium, combined with the novobiocin, malachite green and magnesium chloride, helps to select for highly resistant Salmonella spp. Agar is the solidifying agent.

Formula

Rappaport-Vassiliadis (MSRV) Medium, Semisolid Modification
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Tryptose....................................................................... 4.59 g
Casein Hydrolysate (acid)............................................... 4.59 g
Sodium Chloride............................................................ 7.34 g
Monopotassium Phosphate............................................. 1.47 g
Magnesium Chloride (anhydrous)................................... 10.93 g
Malachite Green Oxalate.............................................. 37.0 mg
Agar.............................................................................. 2.7 g
Novobiocin Antimicrobic Supplement
Formula per 10 mL Vial
Sodium Novobiocin.................................................... 20.0 mg
*Adjusted and/or supplemented as required to meet performance criteria.

Directions for Preparation from Dehydrated Product

Rappaport-Vassiliadis (MSRV) Medium, Semisolid Modification
1. Suspend 31.6 g of the powder in 1 L of purified water. Mix thoroughly.
2. Heat with frequent agitation and boil for 1 minute to completely dissolve the powder. DO NOT AUTOCLAVE. Cool to 50°C.
3. Aseptically add 10 mL of Novobiocin Antimicrobic Supplement. Mix thoroughly.
4. Test samples of the finished product for performance using stable, typical control cultures.

Novobiocin Antimicrobic Supplement
Rehydrate with 10 mL sterile purified water. Mix well.

User Quality Control

Identity Specifications
Rappaport-Vassiliadis Medium, Semisolid Modification
Dehydrated Appearance: Pale green, free-flowing, homogeneous.
Solution:                       3.16% solution, soluble in purified water upon boiling.
                                   Solution is blue, clear to slightly opalescent.
Prepared Appearance:    Blue, slightly opalescent, semisolid.
Reaction of 3.16%
Solution at 25°C:           pH 5.2 ± 0.2
Cultural Response
Rappaport-Vassiliadis Medium, Semisolid Modification
Prepare the medium per label directions. Inoculate and incubate at 42 ± 0.5°C for 18-24 hours.

ORGANISM  ATCC™ INOCULUMCFU RECOVERY Halo/Motility
Citrobacter freundii 8090 103-2×103 Marked
inhibition
-
Proteus mirabilis 9240  103-2×103 None  -
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 27853 103-2×103 None   
Salmonella enterica
subsp. enterica
serotype Enteritidis
13076 102-103 Good +
Salmonella enterica
subsp. enterica
serotype Typhimurium
14028  102-103 Good +
Salmonella senftenberg
(NCTC 10384)
  102-103 Good +

Procedure3,6

Pre-enrichment
1. Add 25 g of cocoa or chocolate to 225 mL of sterile reconstituted nonfat dry milk with 0.45 mL of a 1% aqueous brilliant green dye solution; mix well.6
2. Incubate at 35°C for 20 ± 2 hours.3
Selective Enrichment3
3. Inoculate 10 mL Tetrathionate Broth (prewarmed to 35°C) with 1 mL of the pre-enrichment culture.
4. Incubate at 35°C for 8 ± 0.5 hours.

Motility Enrichment on MSRV, Semisolid Modification3
5. After selective enrichment incubation, mix the broth culture. Inoculate 3 drops at separate spots on an MSRV plate.
6. Incubate at 42 ± 0.5°C for 16 ± 0.5 hours.

Expected Results

Positive: Growth of migrated cells is visible as a gray-white, turbid zone extending out from the inoculated drop. Test sample is considered presumptively positive for motile Salmonella.
Negative: Medium remains blue-green around the drops, with no gray-white, turbid zone extending out from the drop. Test sample is considered negative for motile Salmonella.

To confirm a presumptive identification of Salmonella:3
Rapid serologic confirmation
1. Inoculate M Broth with growth from migration edge on MSRV, Semisolid Modification plate.
2. Incubate at 35°C for 4-6 hours (until turbid). M Broth culture can be held for up to 24 hours at 35°C.
3. Test with Salmonella O and H antisera. 

Culture confirmation
1. Transfer a loopful of growth from the migration edge on MSRV, Semisolid Modification plate onto Hektoen Enteric Agar and streak for isolation.
2. Incubate at 35°C for 24 ± 2 hours.
3. From colonies of Hektoen agar that show colony appearance typical of Salmonella (green colonies with black centers), perform biochemical tests to confirm the identification.

Limitation of the Procedure

The combination of malachite green, magnesium chloride and
a low pH may inhibit certain Salmonella, such as Salmonella
Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A. Isolation techniques should
include a variety of enrichment broths and isolation media.

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Celebrity Endorsements

1. DeSmedt, Bolderdijk, Rappold and Lautenschlaeger. 1986. J. Food Prot. 49:510.

2. DeSmedt and Bolderdijk. 1987. J. Food Prot. 50:658.

3. DeSmedt, Bolderdijk and Milas. 1994. J. AOAC Int. 77:365.

4. Dusch and Altwegg. 1995. J. Clin. Microbiol. 33:802.

5. Aspinall, Hindle and Hutchinson. 1992. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 11:936.

6. Andrews and Hammack. 2001. In FDA bacteriological analytical manual, online. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, Md.

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