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m Enterococcus Agar

Price:
$89.00
SKU:
BD-274610-100G
Quantity:

m Enterococcus Agar

Intended Use

m Enterococcus Agar, also referred to as m Azide Agar, is used for isolating and enumerating enterococci in water and other materials by membrane filtration or pour plate technique.

Summary and Explanation

The enterococcus group is a subgroup of the fecal streptococci that includes E. faecalis, E. faecium, E. gallinarum, and E. avium.1 Enterococci are differentiated from other streptococci by their ability to grow in 6.5% sodium chloride, at pH 9.6 and at 10°C and 45°C.1 The enterococcal portion of the fecal streptococcus group is a valuable bacterial indicator for determining the extent of fecal contamination of recreational surface waters.1 m Enterococcus Agar is used in standard methods for the detection of fecal streptococcus and enterococcus groups using the membrane filtration technique.1

m Enterococcus Agar was developed by Slanetz et al.2 for the enumeration of enterococci by the membrane filtration technique. A modification of m Enterococcus Agar, adding triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC), was described by Slanetz and Bartley3. This modified medium proved to be a superior membrane filtration medium for the enumeration of enterococci. Increased recovery and larger colonies were obtained by incubating the inoculated membranes on the agar surface instead of on pads saturated with liquid medium. The membrane filtration method has the advantages of being simpler to perform, not requiring confirmation and permitting a direct count of enterococci in 48 hours. Burkwell and Hartman4 added 0.2% sodium carbonate and 0.05% polysorbate 80 to m Enterococcus Agar to increase the sensitivity for the direct plating method.

Principles of the Procedure

Peptone provides nitrogen, minerals and amino acids. Yeast extract is the vitamin source and dextrose supplies carbon. Dipotassium phosphate acts as a buffer for the medium.Sodium azide is the selective agent to suppress the growth of gram-negative organisms. Agar is the solidifying agent. Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) is the dye used as an indicator of bacterial growth. TTC is reduced to the insoluble formazan inside the bacterial cell, resulting in the production of red colonies.

User Quality Control

Identity Specifications

m Enterococcus Agar
Dehydrated Appearance: Light beige, free-flowing, homogeneous.
Solution:                       4.2% solution, soluble in purified water upon
                                    boiling. Solution is light amber, slightly opalescent.
Prepared Appearance:     Light amber, slightly opalescent.
Reaction of 4.2%
Solution at 25°C:            pH 7.2 ± 0.2
Cultural Response

m Enterococcus Agar
Prepare the medium per label directions. Inoculate using the membrane filter technique. Incubate in humid atmosphere at 35 ± 0.5°C for 40-48 hours.

ORGANISM ATCC™ INOCULUM
CFU
RECOVERY COLONY
COLOR
Enterococcus faecalis 19433 20-60 Good Light pink
to red
Enterococcus faecalis 29212 20-60 Good Light pink
to red
Escherichia coli 25922 103 Marked to 
complete inhibition
-

Formula

m Enterococcus Agar
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Tryptose.................................................................... 20.0 g
Yeast Extract................................................................ 5.0 g
Dextrose..................................................................... 2.0 g
Dipotassium Phosphate................................................. 4.0 g
Sodium Azide............................................................... 0.4 g
Agar.......................................................................... 10.0 g
2,3,5-Triphenyl Tetrazolium Chloride............................... 0.1 g
*Adjusted and/or supplemented as required to meet performance criteria.

Directions for Preparation from Dehydrated Product

1. Suspend 42 g of the powder in 1 L of purified water. Mix thoroughly.
2. Heat with frequent agitation and boil for 1 minute to completely dissolve the powder. DO NOT AUTOCLAVE.
3. Cool to 45-50°C and dispense into 50 x 9 mm Petri dishes to a depth of 4-5 mm (approximately 4-6 mL).
4. Test samples of the finished product for performance using stable, typical control cultures.

Procedure

Collect water samples as described in Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Section 90601 or by laboratory policy.

Membrane filtration procedure
1. Follow the membrane filtration procedure as described in Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Section 9230C.1
2. Choose a sample size so that 20-60 colonies will result.
3. Transfer the filter to agar medium in a Petri dish, avoiding air bubbles beneath the membrane.
4. Let plates stand for 30 minutes.
5. Invert plates and incubate at 35 ± 0.5°C for 48 hours.

Direct plating procedure
1. Inoculate medium with a specimen using the streak plate method.
2. Incubate plates at 35 ± 2°C for 24-48 hours.

Expected Results1

Count all light and dark red colonies as enterococci. Count colonies using a fluorescent lamp and a magnifying lens.

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Celebrity Endorsements

1. Eaton, Rice and Baird (ed). 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 21st ed., online. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.

2. Slanetz, Bent and Bartley. 1955. Public Health Rep. 70:67.

3. Slanetz and Bartley. 1957. J. Bacteriol. 74:591.

4. Burkwell and Hartman. 1964. Appl. Microbiol. 12:18.

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