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DNase Test Agar 1lb

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$165.00
SKU:
BD-211179-1LB
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DNase Test Agar

Intended Use

DNase Test Agar, DNase Test Agar with Methyl Green and DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue are differential media used for the detection of deoxyribonuclease activity to aid in the identification of bacteria isolated from clinical specimens.

Summary and Explanation

The DNase test is used to detect the degradation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).1-2 The test is useful for differentiating Serratia from Enterobacter, Staphylococcus aureus from
coagulase-negative staphylococci, and Moraxella catarrhalis from Neisseria species.1
In 1957, Jeffries et al. described a rapid agar plate method for demonstrating DNase activity of microorganisms.3 This procedure utilized a semi-synthetic medium with nucleic acid
solution incorporated in the medium. Enzymatic activity is detected by flooding the plate with 1 N hydrochloric acid (HCl). A clear zone surrounding growth indicates a positive reaction.
DNase Test Agar is based on a medium developed by DiSalvo to adapt the rapid plate method for staphylococci.4 Rather than using semi-synthetic medium, DiSalvo incorporated DNA into Trypticase™ Soy Agar and subsequently reported a correlation between coagulase production and DNase activity.
DNase Test Agar with Methyl Green contains a dye to eliminate the necessity of adding reagent to the agar plate following incubation.5
DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue contains a metachromatic dye to eliminate the necessity of reagent addition to the agar following incubation.6 Toluidine blue may be toxic to some gram-positive cocci and, therefore, should be used primarily with Enterobacteriaceae.

Principles of the Procedure

Peptones provide amino acids and other complex nitrogenous substances to support bacterial growth. Sodium chloride maintains osmotic equilibrium. DNA is the substrate for DNase
activity. DNase is an extracellular enzyme that breaks the DNA down into subunits composed of nucleotides.
The depolymerization of the DNA may be detected by flooding the surface of the medium with 1 N HCl and observing for clear zones in the medium surrounding growth. In the absence of DNase activity, the reagent reacts with the intact nucleic acid, resulting in the formation of a cloudy precipitate.
The HCl reagent is not needed to detect DNase activity on DNase Agar with Methyl Green. Methyl green forms a complex with intact (polymerized) DNA to form the green color of the
medium. DNase activity depolymerizes the DNA, breaking down the methyl green-DNA complex, which results in the formation of colorless zones around colonies of the test organism. A negative test is indicated by the absence of a colorless zone around the colonies.
The HCl reagent is not needed to detect DNase activity on DNase Agar with Toluidine Blue. Toluidine blue forms a complex with intact (polymerized) DNA. In the intact DNA complex, the toluidine blue has the normal blue color. DNase activity depolymerizes the DNA, breaking down the dye-DNA complex. In the presence of nucleotides produced from the DNase depolymerization, the dye takes on its metachromatic color, forming pink to red zones around bacterial growth. A negative test is indicated when the medium remains blue.

User Quality Control

NOTE: Differences in the Identity Specifications and Cultural Response testing for media offered as both Difco™ and BBL™ brands may reflect differences in the development and testing of media for industrial and clinical applications, per the referenced publications. Identity Specifications
Difco™ DNase Test Agar
Dehydrated Appearance: Light beige, free-flowing, homogeneous.
Solution:                       4.2% solution, soluble in purified water upon
                                    boiling. Solution is light to medium amber, very
                                    slightly to slightly opalescent, may have a slight precipitate.
Prepared Appearance:     Light to medium amber, slightly opalescent, may
                                    have a slight precipitate.
Reaction of 4.2%
Solution at 25°C:            pH 7.3 ± 0.2
Difco™ DNase Test Agar with Methyl Green
Dehydrated Appearance: Light beige with slight green tint, free-flowing, homogeneous.
Solution:                       4.2% solution, soluble in purified water upon
                                    boiling. Solution is green, very slightly to slightly
                                    opalescent with slight precipitate.
Prepared Appearance:     Green, very slightly to slightly opalescent with slight precipitate.
Reaction of 4.2%
Solution at 25°C:            pH 7.3 ± 0.2
Cultural Response
Difco™ DNase Test Agar or DNase Test Agar with
Methyl Green
Prepare the medium per label directions. Inoculate by streaking with a line of undiluted culture across the medium and incubate at 35 ± 2°C for up to 48 hours. For DNase Test Agar, flood the streak plates with 1N HCl and examine for clear zones around the streaks (positive reactions). For DNase Test Agar with Methyl Green, examine the streak plates for decolorized zones around the streaks (positive reactions).

ORGANISM ATCC™ RECOVERY REACTION
Serratia marcescens 8100  Good  +
Staphylococcus aureus 25923  Good  +
Staphylococcus epidermidis 12228  Good 
Streptococcus pyogenes 19615  Good  +

Identity Specifications
BBL™ DNase Test Agar
Dehydrated Appearance: Fine, homogeneous, free of extraneous material.
Solution:                       4.2% solution, soluble in purified water upon
                                    boiling. Solution is light to medium, yellow
                                    to tan, clear to slightly hazy.
Prepared Appearance:     Light to medium, yellow to tan, clear to slightly hazy.
Reaction of 4.2%
Solution at 25°C:            pH 7.3 ± 0.2
BBL™ DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue
Dehydrated Appearance: Fine, homogeneous, free of extraneous material.
Solution:                       4.2% solution, soluble in purified water upon
                                   boiling.Solution is medium to dark, blue, trace hazy to hazy.
Prepared Appearance:    Medium to dark, blue, trace hazy to hazy.
Reaction of 4.2%
Solution at 25°C:           pH 7.3 ± 0.2
Cultural Response
BBL™ DNase Test Agar or DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue
Prepare the medium per label directions. Inoculate with fresh cultures and incubate at 35 ± 2°C for 18-24 hours. For DNase Test Agar, flood the plates with 1N HCl and examine for deoxyribonuclease activity. For DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue, examine for deoxyribonuclease activity.

ORGANISM ATCC™ RECOVERY/
REACTION
DNASE TEST AGAR
RECOVERY /REACTION 
DNASE TEST AGAR 
W/TOLUIDINE BLUE
Enterobacter aerogenes 13048   N/A  Good/–
Klebsiella pneumoniae 33495  Good/–  Good/–
Serratia marcescens 13880  Good/+ Good/+
Staphylococcus aureus 25923  Good/+ N/A
Staphylococcus
epidermidis
12228  Good/– N/A

Formula

Difco™ DNase Test Agar
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Tryptose..................................................................... 20.0 g
Deoxyribonucleic Acid..................................................... 2.0 g
Sodium Chloride............................................................ 5.0 g
Agar........................................................................... 15.0 g
BBL™ DNase Test Agar
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Pancreatic Digest of Casein........................................ 15.0 g
Papaic Digest of Soybean Meal..................................... 5.0 g
Deoxyribonucleic Acid.................................................. 2.0 g
Sodium Chloride......................................................... 5.0 g
Agar........................................................................ 15.0 g
Difco™ DNase Test Agar with Methyl Green
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Pancreatic Digest of Casein........................................ 10.0 g
Proteose Peptone No. 3............................................. 10.0 g
Deoxyribonucleic Acid.................................................. 2.0 g
Sodium Chloride......................................................... 5.0 g
Agar........................................................................ 15.0 g
Methyl Green............................................................ 0.05 g
BBL™ DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Pancreatic Digest of Casein........................................ 10.0 g
Peptic Digest of Animal Tissue.................................... 10.0 g
Deoxyribonucleic Acid.................................................. 2.0 g
Sodium Chloride......................................................... 5.0 g
Agar........................................................................ 15.0 g
Toluidine Blue............................................................ 0.1 g
*Adjusted and/or supplemented as required to meet performance criteria.

Directions for Preparation from Dehydrated Product

DNase Test Agar or DNase Test Agar with Methyl Green or DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue
1. Suspend 42 g of the powder in 1 L of purified water. Mix thoroughly.
2. Heat with frequent agitation and boil for 1 minute to completely dissolve the powder.
3. Autoclave at 121°C for 15 minutes.
4. Test samples of the finished product for performance using stable, typical control cultures.

Procedure

Inoculate by making a single streak line using inoculum from an agar slant or plate. One plate may be inoculated with up to eight isolates by spot inoculation (1/8 to 1/4 inch) or streak inoculation (a single 1- to 2-inch line).
Incubate at 35 ± 2°C for 24-48 hours. Plates should be incubated in an inverted position. Incubate tubes with loosened caps.
Following incubation, flood DNase Test Agar plates with 1N HCl reagent and observe for reaction. Reagent addition is not required with DNase Test Agar with Methyl Green or with DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue.

Expected Results

A clear area surrounding growth (band/spot inocula) on DNase Test Agar after the addition of 1N HCl indicates a positive reaction, DNase activity. A negative reaction is indicated by no clearing and a cloudy precipitate around colonies and throughout medium due to precipitated salts in the medium.
A positive reaction on DNase Test Agar with Methyl Green is a distinct clear zone surrounding growth in an otherwise green-colored medium. The color of the medium remains
unchanged if the test is negative.
On DNase Test Agar with Toluidine Blue, DNase activity is indicated by pink to red zones surrounding growth. The color of the medium remains unchanged if the test is negative.

*Store at 2-8°C.

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Celebrity Endorsements

1. Washington. 1985. Laboratory procedures in clinical microbiology, 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag, New York, N.Y.

2. MacFaddin. 1985. Media for isolation-cultivation-identification-maintenance of medical bacteria, vol. 1. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md.

3. Jeffries, Holtman and Guse. 1957. J. Bacteriol. 73:590.

4. DiSalvo. 1958. Med. Tech. Bull. U.S. Armed Forces Med. J. 9:191.

5. Schreier. 1969. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 51:711.

6. Smith, Hancock and Rhoden. 1969. Appl. Microbiol. 18:991.

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