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Charcoal Agar 500g

Price:
$156.00
SKU:
BD-289410-500G
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Charcoal Agar

Intended Use

Charcoal Agar is used for cultivating fastidious organisms, especially Bordetella pertussis, for vaccine production and stock culture maintenance.

Summary and Explanation

Charcoal Agar is prepared according to the method of Mishulow, Sharpe and Cohen.1 The authors found this medium to be an efficient substitute for Bordet-Gengou Agar in the production of B. pertussis vaccines.
The genus Bordetella consists primarily of four species: Bordetella pertussis, B. parapertussis, B. bronchiseptica and B. avium; additional species have recently been described.2 All
Bordetella are respiratory pathogens, residing on the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. B. pertussis is the major cause of whooping cough or pertussis. B. parapertussis is
associated with a milder form of the disease.3 B. bronchiseptica is an opportunistic human pathogen associated with both respiratory and non-respiratory infections, often occurring in
patients having close contact with animals.2 B. bronchiseptica has not been reported to cause pertussis. There have been no reports of recovery of B. avium from humans.2
Charcoal Agar supplemented with Horse Blood is used for the cultivation and isolation of Haemophilus influenzae.4

Principles of the Procedure

Infusion from beef heart and peptone provide the nitrogen, carbon and amino acids in Charcoal Agar. Yeast extract is a vitamin source. Sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance. Agar is the solidifying agent. Soluble starch and Norit SG, charcoal, neutralize substances toxic to Bordetella species, such as fatty acids.

User Quality Control

Identity Specifications
Charcoal Agar
Dehydrated Appearance: Gray, free-flowing, homogeneous.
Solution:                       6.25% solution, soluble in purified water upon boiling.
                                   Solution is black, opaque with a precipitate.
Prepared Appearance:    Black, opaque.
Reaction of 6.25%
Solution at 25°C:           pH 7.3 ± 0.2
Cultural Response
Charcoal Agar
Prepare the medium per label directions. Inoculate and incubate at 35 ± 2°C under 5-10% CO2 for 18-72 hours.

ORGANISM ATCC™  INOCULUM CFU RECOVERY
Bordetella bronchiseptica 4617  102-103 Good
Bordetella parapertussis 15237  102-103 Good
Bordetella pertussis 8467  102-103 Good

Formula

Charcoal Agar
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Beef Heart, Infusion from 500 g................................... 12.0 g
Peptone.................................................................... 10.0 g
Sodium Chloride.......................................................... 5.0 g
Soluble Starch............................................................ 10.0 g
Yeast Extract................................................................ 3.5 g
Norit SG....................................................................... 4.0 g
Agar.......................................................................... 18.0 g
*Adjusted and/or supplemented as required to meet performance criteria.

Directions for Preparation from Dehydrated Product

1. Suspend 62.5 g of the powder in 1 L of purified water. Mix thoroughly.
2. Heat with frequent agitation and boil for 1 minute to completely dissolve the powder.
3. Autoclave at 121°C for 15 minutes.
4. Mix thoroughly during dispensing to uniformly distribute the charcoal.
5. Test samples of the finished product for performance using stable, typical control cultures.

Procedure

For a complete discussion on the isolation and maintenance of fastidious microorganisms refer to the procedures described in appropriate references.2,4,5

Expected Results

Refer to appropriate references and procedures for results.

Limitation of the Procedure

Charcoal has a tendency to settle out of the medium. Swirl the flask gently when dispensing to obtain a uniform charcoal suspension.4

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Celebrity Endorsements

1. Mishulow, Sharpe and Cohen. 1953. Am. J. Public Health, 43:1466.

2. Murray, Baron, Jorgensen, Landry and Pfaller (ed.). 2007. Manual of clinical microbiology, 9th ed. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C.

3. Linneman and Pery. 1977. Am. J. Dis. Child. 131:560.

4. MacFaddin. 1985. Media for isolation-cultivation-identification-maintenance of medical bacteria, vol 1. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md.

5. Isenberg and Garcia (ed.). 2004 (update, 2007). Clinical microbiology procedures handbook, 2nd ed. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C.

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