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AK Agar #2 (Sporulating Agar) 500g

Price:
$159.00
SKU:
BD-210912-500G
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Ships in about 1 week
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AK Agar #2 (Sporulating Agar)

Intended Use

AK Agar #2 (Sporulating Agar) is a culture medium for the preparation of spore suspensions for use in procedures for the detection of antibiotic residues in milk and dairy products.

Summary and Explanation

AK Agar #2 was devised by Arret and Kirshbaum for specific use in the production of spores of Bacillus subtilis ATCC™ 6633 for use in the Penicillin Milk Test procedure.1 This
medium was formerly specified in the spore preparation phase of the American Public Health Association disc assay procedure for the detection of sulfa drugs and antibiotics in milk.2

Principles of the Procedure

The peptones and beef extract are sources of nitrogen, sulfur, amino acids and essential trace ingredients. Yeast extract is a rich source of B vitamins. Dextrose is an energy source for
bacterial replication. Manganous sulfate plays an important role in the sporulation process.

Formula

AK Agar #2
Approximate Formula* Per Liter
Pancreatic Digest of Gelatin......................................... 6.0 g
Pancreatic Digest of Casein......................................... 4.0 g
Yeast Extract............................................................. 3.0 g
Beef Extract............................................................... 1.5 g
Dextrose................................................................... 1.0 g
Agar....................................................................... 15.0 g
Manganous Sulfate.................................................... 0.3 g
*Adjusted and/or supplemented as required to meet performance criteria.

Directions for Preparation from Dehydrated Product

1. Suspend 30.8 g of the powder in 1 L of purified water. Mix thoroughly.
2. Heat with frequent agitation and boil for 1 minute to completely dissolve the powder.
3. Dispense and autoclave at 121°C for 15 minutes.
4. Test samples of the finished product for performance using stable, typical control cultures.

Procedure

1. For preparation of spore suspensions for use in the FDA procedure for the Penicillin Milk Test.1 Transfer cultures of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 monthly to fresh Seed Agar slants. Wash the growth from a fresh slant culture with sterile physiological saline onto the surface of a Roux bottle containing 300 mL of AK Agar #2. Incubate the bottles for 5 days at 35 ± 2°C and wash off the resulting growth into 50 mL of sterile physiological saline. Centrifuge the suspension and decant and discard the supernatant fluid. Resuspend the sediment in sterile saline and heat shock the suspension at 70°C for 30 minutes. The resultant spore suspension can be stored for several months. Consult the reference for the test procedure utilizing this B. subtilis spore suspension.1
2. For preparation of spore suspension for use in the APHA procedure for detection of sulfa drugs and antibiotics in milk.2 Transfer cells of Bacillus megaterium ATCC 9855 by streaking
the entire surface of sterile AK Agar #2 contained in a prescription (180 mL capacity) or Roux bottle. Incubate inoculated bottles at 35 ± 2°C for 48 hours. After incubation, wash the spores and vegetative cells from the agar surface with buffered MS (microbiologically suitable) water. Sediment the spores and cells by centrifugation at 5,000 × g for 15 minutes at 3°C. Store the spore suspension in buffered MS water under refrigeration. Consult the reference for the test procedure utilizing this B. megaterium spore suspension.2

User Quality Control

Identity Specifications
AK Agar #2
Dehydrated Appearance: Fine, homogeneous, free of extraneous material.
Solution:                       3.08% solution, soluble in purified water
                                    upon boiling. Solution is light to medium,
                                   yellow to tan, clear to moderately hazy.
Prepared Appearance:    Light to medium, yellow to tan, clear to
                                   moderately hazy.
Reaction of 3.08%
Solution at 25°C:          pH 6.6 ± 0.2
Cultural Response
AK Agar #2
Prepare the medium per label directions. Inoculate plates and incubate at 35 ± 2°C for 18-24 hours. Reincubate plates at 35 ± 2°C and prepare slides after 2 days (and again after 5 days for B. subtilis only).

ORGANISM ATCC™ INOCULUM
CFU
RECOVERY SPORE
PRODUCTION
Bacillus megaterium 9855  102-103 Good  +
Bacillus subtilis 6633   102-103  Good  +

Expected Results

Suspensions containing large numbers of bacterial spores are obtained with the use of AK Agar #2.

Celebrity Endorsements

1. Arret and Kirshbaum. 1959. J. Milk Food Technol. 22:329.

2. Richardson (ed.). 1985. Standard methods for the examination of dairy products, 15th ed. American Public Health Association. Washington, D.C.

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